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Chris Birkinshaw

Craspidospermum verticillatum

April 10, 2019 (, Updated )

Tree 4 m high growing in valley. With white latex. Corolla white, dark pink in center. DNA.

47.0° 1.0’ 50.0” N20.0° 11.0’ 49.0” W

Chris Birkinshaw – B. RAKOTONINDRIANA

Creative Commons BY-SA Tropicos

ApocynaceaeCraspidospermumCraspidospermum verticillatumSpecimen Craspidospermum verticillatum

Tephrosia ibityensis

April 10, 2019 (, Updated )

Shrub 2 m. Leaves dark green above, silver below. Corolla pale purple. DNA.

47.0° 1.0’ 56.0” N20.0° 11.0’ 56.0” W

Chris Birkinshaw – B. RAKOTONINDRIANA

Creative Commons BY-SA Tropicos

FabaceaeTephrosiaTephrosia ibityensisSpecimen Tephrosia ibityensis

Elaeodendron alluaudianum

December 11, 2016 (, Updated )

Tree 6 m tall, dbh: 11 cm. Petals green white. Silica.

46.0° 42.0’ 51.0” N22.0° 35.0’ 6.0” W

Chris Birkinshaw – Charles Rakotovao

Creative Commons BY-SA Tropicos

CelastraceaeElaeodendronElaeodendron alluaudianumSpecimen Elaeodendron alluaudianum

Vitex rubra

December 11, 2016 (, Updated )

Tree 10 m high, dbh: 20 cm. Calyx dark purple - red, corolla orange -red. Fruits spheroid, unripe. Photo. Silica.

46.0° 42.0’ 44.0” N22.0° 35.0’ 4.0” W

Chris Birkinshaw – Charles Rakotovao

Creative Commons BY-SA Tropicos

LamiaceaeVitexVitex rubraSpecimen Vitex rubra

Garcinia pervillei

December 11, 2016 (, Updated )

Tree 13 m high, dbh: 25 cm. With yellow latex. Fruits spheroid, unripe green carried on branches below leaves. Photo. Silica.

46.0° 42.0’ 44.0” N22.0° 35.0’ 4.0” W

Chris Birkinshaw – Charles Rakotovao

Creative Commons BY-SA Tropicos

ClusiaceaeGarciniaGarcinia pervilleiSpecimen Garcinia pervillei

Acacia sakalava

December 11, 2016 (, Updated )

Scrambling liana. Stems spiny violet. Very frequent in forest. Photo. Silica.

46.0° 42.0’ 56.0” N22.0° 35.0’ 8.0” W

Chris Birkinshaw – Charles Rakotovao

Creative Commons BY-SA Tropicos

FabaceaeAcaciaAcacia sakalavaSpecimen Acacia sakalava

Amyrea humbertii

December 11, 2016 (, Updated )

Tree 15 m high, dbh: 18 cm. Inflorescence immature. Photo. Silica.

46.0° 42.0’ 51.0” N22.0° 35.0’ 6.0” W

Chris Birkinshaw – Charles Rakotovao

Creative Commons BY-SA Tropicos

EuphorbiaceaeAmyreaAmyrea humbertiiSpecimen Amyrea humbertii

Pittosporum viride

December 10, 2016 (, Updated )

Tree 10 m tall. Crushed leaves strongly scented. Leaves shiny dark green. Fruits orange. Photo. Silica.

46.0° 42.0’ 12.0” N22.0° 35.0’ 2.0” W

Chris Birkinshaw – Charles Rakotovao

Creative Commons BY-SA Tropicos

PittosporaceaePittosporumPittosporum virideSpecimen Pittosporum viride

Croton goudotii

December 10, 2016 (, Updated )

Tree 8 m high. Leaves softly hairy. Fruits with brown stellate indument. Photo. Silica.

46.0° 42.0’ 11.0” N22.0° 34.0’ 47.0” W

Chris Birkinshaw – Charles Rakotovao

Creative Commons BY-SA Tropicos

EuphorbiaceaeCrotonCroton goudotiiSpecimen Croton goudotii

Rinorea arborea

December 10, 2016 (, Updated )

Tree damaged and now just 3 m tall. Fruit ellipsoid green. Photo. Silica.

46.0° 42.0’ 11.0” N22.0° 34.0’ 50.0” W

Chris Birkinshaw – Charles Rakotovao

Creative Commons BY-SA Tropicos

ViolaceaeRinoreaRinorea arboreaSpecimen Rinorea arborea

Cissampelos madagascariensis

December 10, 2016 (, Updated )

Liana 4 m high. Leaves dark green above pale, green below. Bracts pale - green almost white. Fruits immature green. Photo. Silica.

46.0° 42.0’ 30.0” N22.0° 34.0’ 47.0” W

Chris Birkinshaw – Charles Rakotovao

Creative Commons BY-SA Tropicos

MenispermaceaeCissampelosCissampelos madagascariensisSpecimen Cissampelos madagascariensis

Tinospora uviforme

December 10, 2016 (, Updated )

Liana growing at 2 m high. Stem twinning. Perianth pale green yellow. Young stems green. Photo. Silica.

46.0° 42.0’ 11.0” N22.0° 34.0’ 50.0” W

Chris Birkinshaw – Charles Rakotovao

Creative Commons BY-SA Tropicos

MenispermaceaeTinosporaTinospora uviformeSpecimen Tinospora uviforme

Crassocephalum sarcobasis

Common name: Andri

December 9, 2016 (, Updated )

Terrestrial herb. Involucre green, corolla pink - purple. Pappus white. Vernacular name: Andri - ambo. Photo. Silica.

46.0° 42.0’ 19.0” N22.0° 35.0’ 0.0” W

Chris Birkinshaw

Creative Commons BY-SA Tropicos

AsteraceaeCrassocephalumCrassocephalum sarcobasisSpecimen Crassocephalum sarcobasis

Wahlenbergia perrieri

December 9, 2016 (, Updated )

Herb with small pink flowers. Photo. Silica.

46.0° 42.0’ 19.0” N22.0° 35.0’ 0.0” W

Chris Birkinshaw

Creative Commons BY-SA Tropicos

CampanulaceaeWahlenbergiaWahlenbergia perrieriSpecimen Wahlenbergia perrieri

Senecio longiscapus

Common name: Beroberoka

December 9, 2016 (, Updated )

Herb to 1.20 m. Stems and leaves with while indument. Involucre green yellow. Corolla yellow. Vernacular name: Beroberoka. Photo. Silica.

46.0° 42.0’ 19.0” N22.0° 35.0’ 0.0” W

Chris Birkinshaw

Creative Commons BY-SA Tropicos

AsteraceaeSenecioSenecio longiscapusSpecimen Senecio longiscapus

Senecio emirnensis

December 9, 2016 (, Updated )

Herb with white latex. Calyx green, petals white, style and stigma blue. Pappus white. Photo. Silica.

46.0° 42.0’ 19.0” N22.0° 35.0’ 0.0” W

Chris Birkinshaw

Creative Commons BY-SA Tropicos

AsteraceaeSenecioSenecio emirnensisSpecimen Senecio emirnensis

Merremia tridentata

December 9, 2016 (, Updated )

Terrestrial twinning herb. Foliage glaucous. Corolla pale yellow. Photo. Silica.

46.0° 42.0’ 19.0” N22.0° 35.0’ 0.0” W

Chris Birkinshaw

Creative Commons BY-SA Tropicos

ConvolvulaceaeMerremiaMerremia tridentataSpecimen Merremia tridentata

Ludwigia octovalvis

December 9, 2016 (, Updated )

Herb to 80 cm tall. Corolla pure white. Photo. Silica.

46.0° 42.0’ 2.0” N22.0° 35.0’ 4.0” W

Chris Birkinshaw

Creative Commons BY-SA Tropicos

OnagraceaeLudwigiaLudwigia octovalvisSpecimen Ludwigia octovalvis

Acalypha leptoclada

December 9, 2016 (, Updated )

Shrub 1.5 m tall. Involucre green. Style red. Photo. Silica.

46.0° 42.0’ 0.0” N22.0° 35.0’ 4.0” W

Chris Birkinshaw

Creative Commons BY-SA Tropicos

EuphorbiaceaeAcalyphaAcalypha leptocladaSpecimen Acalypha leptoclada

Vigna angivensis

December 9, 2016 (, Updated )

Terrestrial herb. Calyx green, corolla yellow. Fruits dark green with yellowish hairs. Locally frequent on burnt grassland. Photo. Silica.

46.0° 42.0’ 19.0” N22.0° 35.0’ 0.0” W

Chris Birkinshaw

Creative Commons BY-SA Tropicos

FabaceaeVignaVigna angivensisSpecimen Vigna angivensis