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Latest specimens: Gentianaceae

Gentianaceae

Fagraea auriculata subspecies parviflora

January 15, 2013 (, Updated )

Medium tree 15 m tall. Stem brownish gray. Fruits grayish green, persistent stigma brown.

127.0° 58.0’ 0.0” N0.0° 28.0’ 56.0” E

Tjut Jul Fatisa Bangun – Roji Mahroji – Idris Haris – Bahar Fabanyo

Creative Commons BY-SA Tropicos

GentianaceaeFagraeaFagraea auriculataSpecimen Fagraea auriculata subspecies parviflora

Macrocarpaea pringleana

January 12, 2013 (, Updated )

Multiple-trunked shrub to 3 m tall. Stems erect. Corolla pale yellowish-green. Fruits green.

77.0° 59.0’ 40.0” S1.0° 28.0’ 8.0” W

David A. Neill

Creative Commons BY-SA Tropicos

GentianaceaeMacrocarpaeaMacrocarpaea pringleanaSpecimen Macrocarpaea pringleana

Fagraea auriculata subspecies parviflora

December 16, 2012 (, Updated )

Woody liana up to 20 m. Perianth greenish white, c. 5 cm in diameter. Fruits light green, calyx darker green.

127.0° 54.0’ 37.0” N0.0° 29.0’ 2.0” E

Deby Arifiani – Richard Razakamalala – Iska Gushilman – Samsul Lasut

Creative Commons BY-SA Tropicos

GentianaceaeFagraeaFagraea auriculataSpecimen Fagraea auriculata subspecies parviflora

Fagraea ceilanica

December 7, 2012 (, Updated )

Tree 35 m tall, 60 cm dbh; outer bark brown, inner bark yellowish cream. Calyx pale green, corolla greenish cream, stamens brown. Fruits yellow.

127.0° 58.0’ 15.0” N0.0° 39.0’ 46.0” E

Tjut Jul Fatisa Bangun – Lalao Andriamahefarivo – Richard Razakamalala – Samsul Lasut – Ahmad Yani

Creative Commons BY-SA Tropicos

GentianaceaeFagraeaFagraea ceilanicaSpecimen Fagraea ceilanica

Exacum pteranthum

November 10, 2012 (, Updated )

Herb to 25 cm tall; leaves with 3 white nerves below; flowers with calyx wings green, 4-5 light purple petals; anthers yellow. 4-5 light purple petals. Collected with J. Regalado, S. Christoph, C. Davidson, V. Chamchumroon, N. Ritphet & S. Sirimongkol.

98.0° 50.0’ 36.0” N19.0° 22.0’ 47.0” E

Martin W. Callmander – al.

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GentianaceaeExacumExacum pteranthumSpecimen Exacum pteranthum

Symbolanthus pterocalyx

November 10, 2012 (, Updated )

Arbusto de 1.5 m de altura. Flores con cáliz verde, corola amarilla y verde.

75.0° 38.0’ 42.0” S6.0° 37.0’ 19.0” E

Fernando Alzate – Astrid Alvarez – Oswaldo Diaz – al.

Creative Commons BY-SA Tropicos

GentianaceaeSymbolanthusSymbolanthus pterocalyxSpecimen Symbolanthus pterocalyx

Anthocleista liebrechtsiana

October 30, 2012 (, Updated )

Arbuste de 5-6m, fleurs blanches. Relevé Mab AB 17.

10.0° 30.0’ 3.0” N0.0° 48.0’ 50.0” W

Archange Boupoya – Tariq Stévart

Creative Commons BY-SA Tropicos

GentianaceaeAnthocleistaAnthocleista liebrechtsianaSpecimen Anthocleista liebrechtsiana

Anthocleista vogelii

October 23, 2012 (, Updated )

Small tree up to 6 m with green fruits. Primary forest.

10.0° 35.0’ 46.0” N0.0° 45.0’ 56.0” W

Bonaventure Sonké – Davy Ikabanga

Creative Commons BY-SA Tropicos

GentianaceaeAnthocleistaAnthocleista vogeliiSpecimen Anthocleista vogelii

Gentianella corymbosa

October 15, 2012 (, Updated )

< 15 cm tall; leaves opposite; flowers white to white tinged lavender.

77.0° 56.0’ 39.0” S0.0° 48.0’ 2.0” E

Thomas B. Croat – Geneviève Ferry – David Scherberich – Claudia L. Henríquez R. – Elisa Levy

Creative Commons BY-SA Tropicos

GentianaceaeGentianellaGentianella corymbosaSpecimen Gentianella corymbosa

Fagraea elliptica

October 13, 2012 (, Updated )

Tree 12 m tall, 20 cm dbh, outer bark grayish brown, inner bark yellowish, deep fissured. Calyx pale green, corolla 5 lobes white, stamens pale brown. Immature fruit pale green, mature fruits yellow. Occasional.

127.0° 54.0’ 38.0” N0.0° 31.0’ 40.0” E

Tjut Jul Fatisa Bangun – Mary Merello – Roji Mahroji – Malik Soleman

Creative Commons BY-SA Tropicos

GentianaceaeFagraeaFagraea ellipticaSpecimen Fagraea elliptica

Symbolanthus gaultherioides

September 15, 2012 (, Updated )

Hierba carnosa de 0.8 m de altura. Tallos angulosos. Flores con cáliz verde, corola fucsia. Frutos verdes.

76.0° 3.0’ 2.0” S5.0° 46.0’ 9.0” E

Fernando Alzate – Oswaldo Diaz – Astrid Alvarez – Steven Murillo – Pablo Pérez

Creative Commons BY-SA Tropicos

GentianaceaeSymbolanthusSymbolanthus gaultherioidesSpecimen Symbolanthus gaultherioides

Enicostema elizabethiae

September 9, 2012 (, Updated )

Herbe de 60 cm de haut; fruit vert étalé à l'aisselle des feuilles.

45.0° 20.0’ 33.0” N16.0° 22.0’ 58.0” W

Charles Rakotovao – Jacky Andriantiana – D. Ravelonarivo

Creative Commons BY-SA Tropicos

GentianaceaeEnicostemaEnicostema elizabethiaeSpecimen Enicostema elizabethiae

Macrocarpaea subsessilis

August 25, 2012 (, Updated )

Shrub to 1.5 m tall. Common on ridgecrest. Leaves thick and sclerophyllous. Flowers yellow. Only one flowering plant seen. Fruits yellow-green; mostly old dehisced fruits.

78.0° 48.0’ 36.0” S4.0° 36.0’ 36.0” W

David A. Neill – Mercedes Asanza – Eduardo Cueva

Creative Commons BY-SA Tropicos

GentianaceaeMacrocarpaeaMacrocarpaea subsessilisSpecimen Macrocarpaea subsessilis

Gentianella thiosphaera

August 16, 2012 (, Updated )

Hierba con flores de color amarillo intenso.

63.0° 56.0’ 22.0” S18.0° 32.0’ 39.0” W

G.A. Parada – M. Betancur – M.T. Martinez – H. Fernandez

Creative Commons BY-SA Tropicos

GentianaceaeGentianellaGentianella thiosphaeraSpecimen Gentianella thiosphaera

Symbolanthus gaultherioides

June 16, 2012 (, Updated )

Hierba terrestre de 50 cm de altura. Flores con cáliz verde, corola fucsia, estambres blancos, pistilo verde claro. Fruto inmaduro verde.

75.0° 15.0’ 0.0” S5.0° 43.0’ 32.0” E

Oswaldo Diaz – Santiago Varela – Pablo Pérez – Melisa Hincapié

Creative Commons BY-SA Tropicos

GentianaceaeSymbolanthusSymbolanthus gaultherioidesSpecimen Symbolanthus gaultherioides

Frasera caroliniensis

May 30, 2012 (, Updated )

Plant 1.7 m tall; stem reddish brown; petals pale green with purple dots, these more numerous toward the base; glands green with prominent hairs; anthers pale green, the pollen yellow. Young fruits collected on 25 June 2014 and mature fruits and seeds 19 September from plants of the same population.

90.0° 31.0’ 57.0” S37.0° 57.0’ 49.0” E

Gerrit Davidse

Creative Commons BY-SA Tropicos

GentianaceaeFraseraFrasera caroliniensisSpecimen Frasera caroliniensis

Lisianthius aurantiacus

May 20, 2012 (, Updated )

Shrub 2 m; corolla tube bright orange, lobes green. (Photo)

80.0° 41.0’ 11.0” S8.0° 49.0’ 59.0” E

Barry E. Hammel

Creative Commons BY-SA Tropicos

GentianaceaeLisianthiusLisianthius aurantiacusSpecimen Lisianthius aurantiacus

Voyria tenella

May 17, 2012 (, Updated )

Saprophytic herb; flowers pale lavender. (Photo)

80.0° 41.0’ 4.0” S8.0° 49.0’ 54.0” E

Barry E. Hammel

Creative Commons BY-SA Tropicos

GentianaceaeVoyriaVoyria tenellaSpecimen Voyria tenella

Frasera caroliniensis

May 14, 2012 (, Updated )

90.0° 31.0’ 50.0” S37.0° 49.0’ 6.0” E

G. Van Brunt

Creative Commons BY-SA Tropicos

GentianaceaeFraseraFrasera caroliniensisSpecimen Frasera caroliniensis

Frasera caroliniensis

May 6, 2012 (, Updated )

Petals whitish green in the upper half whitish with purple spots in the lower half; anthers yellow; growing from large taproot.

90.0° 13.0’ 47.0” S38.0° 1.0’ 0.0” E

Gerrit Davidse

Creative Commons BY-SA Tropicos

GentianaceaeFraseraFrasera caroliniensisSpecimen Frasera caroliniensis

Symbolanthus pterocalyx

April 28, 2012 (, Updated )

Arbusto de 2.5 m de altura. Flores con cáliz verde, corola blanca - verde. Frutos inmaduros verdes marrones al madurar.

75.0° 42.0’ 59.0” S6.0° 38.0’ 30.0” E

Fernando Alzate – Oswaldo Diaz – Santiago Varela – Steven Murillo

Creative Commons BY-SA Tropicos

GentianaceaeSymbolanthusSymbolanthus pterocalyxSpecimen Symbolanthus pterocalyx

Anthocleista madagascariensis

April 25, 2012 (, Updated )

Arbre de 10m de haut, 14cm de diamètre. Feuille de couleur vert foncé sur la face supérieure, vert clair sur la face inférieure. Fruit immature de couleur verte. ADN. Photo.

48.0° 24.0’ 25.0” N18.0° 47.0’ 57.0” W

H. Rasoazanany – Ratolojanahary Tafita

Creative Commons BY-SA Tropicos

GentianaceaeAnthocleistaAnthocleista madagascariensisSpecimen Anthocleista madagascariensis

Exacum quinquenervium

April 25, 2012 (, Updated )

Herbe de 52 à 20cm de haut. Feuille de couleur verte sur les deux faces. Fleur de couleur violette. ADN. Photo.

48.0° 24.0’ 43.0” N18.0° 47.0’ 56.0” W

H. Rasoazanany – Ratolojanahary Tafita

Creative Commons BY-SA Tropicos

GentianaceaeExacumExacum quinquenerviumSpecimen Exacum quinquenervium

Exacum quinquenervium

Common name: Mangavony

April 24, 2012 (, Updated )

Herbe. Tige et face supérieure des feuilles souvent de couleur violet. Pétale mauve. ADN. Photo. Nom vernaculaire: Mangavony.

48.0° 24.0’ 47.0” N18.0° 44.0’ 52.0” W

V. Razafindrahaja – P. Antilahimena

Creative Commons BY-SA Tropicos

GentianaceaeExacumExacum quinquenerviumSpecimen Exacum quinquenervium

Anthocleista madagascariensis

April 23, 2012 (, Updated )

Tree 10m tall, DBH: 15cm. Leaves green. Fruits immature green. DNA. Photo.

48.0° 25.0’ 11.0” N18.0° 45.0’ 51.0” W

P. Antilahimena – V. Razafindrahaja

Creative Commons BY-SA Tropicos

GentianaceaeAnthocleistaAnthocleista madagascariensisSpecimen Anthocleista madagascariensis

Exacum quinquenervium

April 22, 2012 (, Updated )

Herbe de15cm de haut, Fleur à sépale vert et pétale violacé.

48.0° 21.0’ 55.0” N18.0° 46.0’ 51.0” W

Charles Rakotovao – Félix Edmond

Creative Commons BY-SA Tropicos

GentianaceaeExacumExacum quinquenerviumSpecimen Exacum quinquenervium

Ornichia trinervis

March 1, 2012 (, Updated )

Herbe de 40cm de haut. Fleurs violettes. Photo.

47.0° 9.0’ 57.0” N24.0° 47.0’ 47.0” W

N. Rakotonirina – Richard Razakamalala – Rondro Hanitrinitiana Ramananjanahary

Creative Commons BY-SA Tropicos

GentianaceaeOrnichiaOrnichia trinervisSpecimen Ornichia trinervis

Ornichia trinervis

February 28, 2012 (, Updated )

Herbe – Sépales verts – 5 pétales violet, soudés, 5 lobes. NV : Remaintso madinika Utilisation : Médicinale

47.0° 7.0’ 18.0” N24.0° 52.0’ 9.0” W

F. Ratovoson

Creative Commons BY-SA Tropicos

GentianaceaeOrnichiaOrnichia trinervisSpecimen Ornichia trinervis

Tachiadenus gracilis

Common name: Lavatanana

February 26, 2012 (, Updated )

Plante herbacée 80 cm de haut, fleur violette. Nom vernaculaire: lavatanana. Utilisation: médicinale (ody bay). Photos.

47.0° 9.0’ 2.0” N24.0° 48.0’ 24.0” W

Rondro Hanitrinitiana Ramananjanahary – N. Rakotonirina – Richard Razakamalala – Roger Ramiandrisoa

Creative Commons BY-SA Tropicos

GentianaceaeTachiadenusTachiadenus gracilisSpecimen Tachiadenus gracilis

Exacum quinquenervium

February 3, 2012 (, Updated )

Herbe de 40cm de haut terrestre; bouton floraux et quelques fleurs violet clair

48.0° 49.0’ 49.0” N18.0° 23.0’ 51.0” W

D. Ravelonarivo – Félix Edmond

Creative Commons BY-SA Tropicos

GentianaceaeExacumExacum quinquenerviumSpecimen Exacum quinquenervium

Exacum undulatum

January 25, 2012 (, Updated )

Herbe de 50cm de haut, terrestre. En fruits vert.

48.0° 47.0’ 54.0” N18.0° 23.0’ 54.0” W

D. Ravelonarivo – Félix Edmond – Laindrirana

Creative Commons BY-SA Tropicos

GentianaceaeExacumExacum undulatumSpecimen Exacum undulatum

Anthocleista madagascariensis

January 23, 2012 (, Updated )

Arbuste de 6m de haut, 4cm de diamètre. En boutons floraux. Silicagel.

48.0° 48.0’ 9.0” N18.0° 23.0’ 27.0” W

D. Ravelonarivo – Félix Edmond – Laindrirana

Creative Commons BY-SA Tropicos

GentianaceaeAnthocleistaAnthocleista madagascariensisSpecimen Anthocleista madagascariensis

Exacum radicans

January 17, 2012 (, Updated )

Herbe poussant sur un arbre mort; en jeune fruit.

48.0° 48.0’ 33.0” N18.0° 24.0’ 30.0” W

D. Ravelonarivo – Félix Edmond

Creative Commons BY-SA Tropicos

GentianaceaeExacumExacum radicansSpecimen Exacum radicans

Anthocleista madagascariensis

November 25, 2011 (, Updated )

Arbre 6 m – dbh = 12 cm – Fruit vert, ové. NV : Lendemy Utilisation : Construction des pirogues (balancier)

47.0° 8.0’ 36.0” N24.0° 47.0’ 47.0” W

F. Ratovoson

Creative Commons BY-SA Tropicos

GentianaceaeAnthocleistaAnthocleista madagascariensisSpecimen Anthocleista madagascariensis

Tachiadenus longifolius

November 21, 2011 (, Updated )

Arbuste 1 m de haut – 5 sépales verts, soudés, les soudures jaunes, 5 côtes – 5 pétales blancs, soudés en long tube jusqu’à 20 cm, 5 lobes blanches. NV : Remaintso fotsy

47.0° 10.0’ 39.0” N24.0° 44.0’ 32.0” W

F. Ratovoson

Creative Commons BY-SA Tropicos

GentianaceaeTachiadenusTachiadenus longifoliusSpecimen Tachiadenus longifolius

Tachiadenus carinatus

November 21, 2011 (, Updated )

Herbe ligneuse de 20 cm de haut, grandes feuilles. Fleurs violettes. Photo.

47.0° 10.0’ 51.0” N24.0° 43.0’ 8.0” W

N. Rakotonirina – Rondro Hanitrinitiana Ramananjanahary – Richard Razakamalala

Creative Commons BY-SA Tropicos

GentianaceaeTachiadenusTachiadenus carinatusSpecimen Tachiadenus carinatus

Tachiadenus carinatus

November 21, 2011 (, Updated )

Herbe 0,5 m – 5 sépales soudés, vert, 5 côtes – 5 pétales soudés, tube vert, 5 lobes violet. NV : Remaintso

47.0° 10.0’ 38.0” N24.0° 44.0’ 25.0” W

F. Ratovoson

Creative Commons BY-SA Tropicos

GentianaceaeTachiadenusTachiadenus carinatusSpecimen Tachiadenus carinatus

Anthocleista longifolia

November 19, 2011 (, Updated )

Petit arbre 7 m de haut – dbh = 8 cm – Fruit vert, ové. NV : Lendemy Utilisation : Construction pirogue

47.0° 10.0’ 45.0” N24.0° 44.0’ 38.0” W

F. Ratovoson

Creative Commons BY-SA Tropicos

GentianaceaeAnthocleistaAnthocleista longifoliaSpecimen Anthocleista longifolia

Neurotheca loeselioides

October 14, 2011 (, Updated )

Herbe. Fleur à pétales bleus.

8.0° 19.0’ 58.0” S7.0° 39.0’ 2.0” E

Moussa Diabaté

Creative Commons BY-SA Tropicos

GentianaceaeNeurothecaNeurotheca loeselioidesSpecimen Neurotheca loeselioides

Exacum bulbilliferum

October 11, 2011 (, Updated )

Terrestrial herb, growing by the stream. Leaves green. Calyx green, corolla blue-pink, stamen yellow. Photo.

48.0° 19.0’ 19.0” N18.0° 50.0’ 47.0” W

P. Antilahimena – Félix Edmond

Creative Commons BY-SA Tropicos

GentianaceaeExacumExacum bulbilliferumSpecimen Exacum bulbilliferum

Publication director: Laurent PAGE, email: laurent@page.live, phone: +262 262 92 66 38,