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Latest specimens: Apocynaceae

Apocynaceae

Tabernaemontana cymosa

November 10, 2003 (, Updated )

Arbolito 5 m, flores blancas en roseta. Material alcoholizado.

68.0° 41.0’ 26.0” S14.0° 34.0’ 50.0” W

L. Cayola

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ApocynaceaeTabernaemontanaTabernaemontana cymosaSpecimen Tabernaemontana cymosa

Mandevilla rugellosa

November 8, 2003 (, Updated )

Trepadora subfruticosa, latex blanco; botones rojos, flores amarillas con el centro rojo. No alcoholizado

68.0° 42.0’ 26.0” S14.0° 36.0’ 1.0” W

Alfredo F. Fuentes – Ramiro Cuevas – Evert Cuevas

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ApocynaceaeMandevillaMandevilla rugellosaSpecimen Mandevilla rugellosa

Tabernaemontana cymosa

November 7, 2003 (, Updated )

Arbol 7 m de alto, con presencia de abundante látex blanco a la ruptura o corte de todas las estructuras, frutos inmaduros verdes.

68.0° 41.0’ 26.0” S14.0° 34.0’ 49.0” W

Narel Paniagua Zambrana – al.

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ApocynaceaeTabernaemontanaTabernaemontana cymosaSpecimen Tabernaemontana cymosa

Mandevilla alexicaca

November 5, 2003 (, Updated )

Mandevilla alexicaca. Mata de xilopodio, latex blanco; botones, flores rosadas, algunas blanquecinas, el centro del tubo amarillo. Rara, en campo cerrado. No alcoholizado. Foto

68.0° 40.0’ 58.0” S14.0° 36.0’ 55.0” W

Alfredo F. Fuentes – Narel Paniagua Zambrana – L. Cayola – Susan Whitehead – Ramiro Cuevas

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ApocynaceaeMandevillaMandevilla alexicacaSpecimen Mandevilla alexicaca

Secamone buxifolia

November 1, 2003 (, Updated )

Climber to 3 m. Corolla dull yellow.

47.0° 0.0’ 10.0” N20.0° 4.0’ 14.0” W

Peter B. Phillipson

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ApocynaceaeSecamoneSecamone buxifoliaSpecimen Secamone buxifolia

Hemipogon sprucei

April 24, 2003 (, Updated )

Hierba 30 cm, frutos verdes, flores verdes.

68.0° 19.0’ 42.0” S14.0° 32.0’ 51.0” W

Tatiana B. Miranda – L. Cayola – F. Canqui – R. Alvarez – José Tito

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ApocynaceaeHemipogonHemipogon spruceiSpecimen Hemipogon sprucei

Aspidosperma cylindrocarpon

February 26, 2003 (, Updated )

Arbol 12 m; 21,5 cm dap; corteza externa corchosa, profundamente agrietada, no se desprenden placas, amarillo cafizo, la interna se intercala en laminas de 1,5 mm entre amarillo cafizo claro y ladrillo, luego mostaza claro, que exuda latex blanquecino. Placa 296, Subparcela 11.

68.0° 32.0’ 33.0” S14.0° 27.0’ 54.0” W

L. Cayola – al.

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ApocynaceaeAspidospermaAspidosperma cylindrocarponSpecimen Aspidosperma cylindrocarpon

Petalostelma sarcostemma

February 19, 2003 (, Updated )

Trepadora; botones, flores

68.0° 32.0’ 19.0” S14.0° 28.0’ 6.0” W

L. Cayola – Alejandro Araujo M. – Héctor Cabrera – M.H. Calzadilla – F. Canqui – Carla Maldonado – Narel Paniagua Zambrana – Remberto Alvarez – Antonio Álvarez – Mario Álvarez

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ApocynaceaePetalostelmaPetalostelma sarcostemmaSpecimen Petalostelma sarcostemma

Mandevilla subcordata

February 19, 2003 (, Updated )

Trepadora con botones y flores rosadas

68.0° 32.0’ 8.0” S14.0° 27.0’ 56.0” W

Alejandro Araujo M. – Héctor Cabrera – M.H. Calzadilla – F. Canqui – L. Cayola – Carla Maldonado – Narel Paniagua Zambrana – Remberto Alvarez – Antonio Álvarez – Mario Álvarez

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ApocynaceaeMandevillaMandevilla subcordataSpecimen Mandevilla subcordata

Mascarenhasia macrosiphon

November 20, 2002 (, Updated )

Tree 5 m tall with white latex. Leaves dark glossy green above, lighter below. Pedicel light green. Calyx light green, apex of teeth red. Corolla white tinged reddish pink. Photo.

49.0° 33.0’ 28.0” N15.0° 19.0’ 12.0” W

George E. Schatz

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ApocynaceaeMascarenhasiaMascarenhasia macrosiphonSpecimen Mascarenhasia macrosiphon

Pachypodium densiflorum

November 9, 2002 (, Updated )

Flowers orangish yellow.

46.0° 35.0’ 10.0” N20.0° 34.0’ 39.0” W

Porter P. Lowry II

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ApocynaceaePachypodiumPachypodium densiflorumSpecimen Pachypodium densiflorum

Craspidospermum verticillatum

November 9, 2002 (, Updated )

Tree ca. 7 m tall, branched above 5 m. Flowers white.

46.0° 35.0’ 10.0” N20.0° 34.0’ 48.0” W

Porter P. Lowry II

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ApocynaceaeCraspidospermumCraspidospermum verticillatumSpecimen Craspidospermum verticillatum

Ischnolepis graminifolia

November 9, 2002 (, Updated )

Sparesly branched shrubs to ca. 1 m tall. Leaves dark green. Flowers yellowish-green, tinged magenta at center base on outside and inside, also with lines on outside of petals reaching almost to apex.

46.0° 54.0’ 59.0” N22.0° 34.0’ 59.0” W

Porter P. Lowry II

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ApocynaceaeIschnolepisIschnolepis graminifoliaSpecimen Ischnolepis graminifolia

Tylophora sylvatica

November 11, 2001 (, Updated )

47.0° 55.0’ 49.0” N18.0° 55.0’ 34.0” W

Peter B. Phillipson – George E. Schatz

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ApocynaceaeTylophoraTylophora sylvaticaSpecimen Tylophora sylvatica

Mandevilla pavonii

April 1, 2001 (, Updated )

Vine. Flowers yellow, fruits green.

77.0° 7.0’ 59.0” S6.0° 7.0’ 59.0” W

H. van der Werff

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ApocynaceaeMandevillaMandevilla pavoniiSpecimen Mandevilla pavonii

Tabernaemontana crassifolia

January 29, 1999 (, Updated )

Tree 6 m tall with copious white latex. Leaves medium todark green above, light green below, stiff, coriaceous.Inflorescence axes, calyx light green. Corolla white.Photo.

49.0° 41.0’ 40.0” N15.0° 27.0’ 24.0” W

George E. Schatz

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ApocynaceaeTabernaemontanaTabernaemontana crassifoliaSpecimen Tabernaemontana crassifolia

Stephanotis thouarsii

January 23, 1999 (, Updated )

Vine twining on vegetation 1-2 m above ground with sparse latex. Leaves medium green somewhat succulent. Calyx light green; corolla white with pink center. Photo. Leaves in silica gel for DNA preservation.

50.0° 27.0’ 24.0” N15.0° 16.0’ 23.0” W

George E. Schatz

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ApocynaceaeStephanotisStephanotis thouarsiiSpecimen Stephanotis thouarsii

Strophanthus courmontii

October 19, 1997 (, Updated )

Climber to 10 m in dense shade. Leaves entirely green, pale green below. Flowers erect. Corolla tube white at base, purple above outside and white inside with purple stripes running down from corona lobes; lobes purple outside, white with purple median stripe inside; corona lobes dull yellow; white parts of corolla becoming dull yellow.

38.0° 57.0’ 6.0” N8.0° 19.0’ 0.0” W

Peter B. Phillipson – D. Sitoni

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ApocynaceaeStrophanthusStrophanthus courmontiiSpecimen Strophanthus courmontii

Strophanthus petersianus

October 19, 1997 (, Updated )

Climber to 10 m. Petiole and midrib purple. Corolla tube white below and red-purple above outside, white with brown veins inside; lobes purple outside, white shading to yellow-brown on the appendages inside; corona white with yellow-brown veins; white parts of corolla becoming yellow-brown.

38.0° 56.0’ 53.0” N8.0° 19.0’ 5.0” W

Peter B. Phillipson – D. Sitoni

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ApocynaceaeStrophanthusStrophanthus petersianusSpecimen Strophanthus petersianus

Pervillaea phillipsonii

February 24, 1993 (, Updated )

Climber to 3m with white latex. Leaves very dark green above. Corolla pale yellow-green shading to white at the base; lobes twisted. Corona lobes filiform, white. Anthers yellow, forming a cone over the green stigma. With J. Raharilala and S.G. Razafimandimbison.

43.0° 25.0’ 59.0” N21.0° 43.0’ 59.0” W

Peter B. Phillipson

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ApocynaceaePervillaeaPervillaea phillipsoniiSpecimen Pervillaea phillipsonii

Ceropegia racemosa subspecies glabra

January 30, 1993 (, Updated )

One seen, herbaceous twining vine with watery sap, with scattered white fusiform tubers on roots; corolla pale purple with yellow on lobes.

48.0° 0.0’ 0.0” N18.0° 22.0’ 0.0” W

W. D. Stevens – George E. Schatz – Porter P. Lowry II

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ApocynaceaeCeropegiaCeropegia racemosaSpecimen Ceropegia racemosa subspecies glabra

Cynanchum obovatum

March 23, 1992 (, Updated )

Climber to 1.5 m with copious white latex. Leaves thick, soft. Corolla dull pale brown-green, shading to pink-brown at base. Corona white, cylindric with inflexed margin forming fine pleats which obscure the green gynostegium.

46.0° 51.0’ 14.0” N24.0° 45.0’ 9.0” W

Peter B. Phillipson – R.A. Clement – Guy Rafamantanantsoa

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ApocynaceaeCynanchumCynanchum obovatumSpecimen Cynanchum obovatum

Cynanchum petignatii

March 12, 1992 (, Updated )

Leafless succulent with cream latex, slightly scandent, growing among boulders. Corolla white, inflated below, green to brown above outside; lobes becoming reflexed, sometimes with median brown stripe inside. Corona lobes white, incurved. Gynostegium white.

46.0° 33.0’ 49.0” N20.0° 37.0’ 4.0” W

Peter B. Phillipson – R.A. Clement – Guy Rafamantanantsoa

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ApocynaceaeCynanchumCynanchum petignatiiSpecimen Cynanchum petignatii

Cynanchum andringitrense

March 12, 1992 (, Updated )

Climber to 1.5 m with white latex, growing on boulder mounds. Young growth brown. Corolla pale green with brown-purple stripe inside. Corona sub-conical, brown-purple with white fleshy apiculae closing the mouth of the flower. Visited by large wasp. Fruit with a single or paired sub-terete brown-purple-tinged follicles.

46.0° 33.0’ 49.0” N20.0° 37.0’ 4.0” W

Peter B. Phillipson – R.A. Clement – Guy Rafamantanantsoa

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ApocynaceaeCynanchumCynanchum andringitrenseSpecimen Cynanchum andringitrense

Cynanchum madagascariense

March 12, 1992 (, Updated )

Climber with white latex. Inflorescence axis becoming somewhat fleshy. Corolla white, tinged brown outside, with 2 brown stripes on lobes inside. Corona purple-brown, with 10 lobes. Gynostegium pale yellow with grey cap. Young fruits 3-angled.

46.0° 38.0’ 15.0” N20.0° 32.0’ 49.0” W

Peter B. Phillipson – R.A. Clement – Guy Rafamantanantsoa

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ApocynaceaeCynanchumCynanchum madagascarienseSpecimen Cynanchum madagascariense

Cynanchum erythranthum

March 28, 1991 (, Updated )

Twining vine several meters off ground, with white latex, at 1000 m; leaves medium to dark green, the venation tinted reddish; pedicel, calyx light green; corolla rose red; photo.

48.0° 16.0’ 59.0” N14.0° 5.0’ 59.0” W

George E. Schatz

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ApocynaceaeCynanchumCynanchum erythranthumSpecimen Cynanchum erythranthum

Aspidosperma excelsum

June 24, 1989 (, Updated )

Arbol de 40 m x 75 cm DAP. Fuste sumamente acostillado hasta la copa; ramitas con poquita savia blanca; flores verde pálido.

82.0° 57.0’ 35.0” S9.0° 30.0’ 35.0” E

Barry E. Hammel – Abelardo Chacón – Gerardo Herrera Ch.

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ApocynaceaeAspidospermaAspidosperma excelsumSpecimen Aspidosperma excelsum

Tabernaemontana ciliata

February 12, 1989 (, Updated )

Rounded shrub/tree 2.5 m tall with white latex; leaves medium to dark green above, whitish glaucous green below; calyx green; corolla yellow; fruit unicarpeløar, pendent, green bronze, the mesocarp white, seeds with flesh-colored arils; photo.

47.0° 24.0’ 59.0” N21.0° 15.0’ 59.0” W

George E. Schatz

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ApocynaceaeTabernaemontanaTabernaemontana ciliataSpecimen Tabernaemontana ciliata

Catharanthus ovalis subspecies grandiflorus

December 23, 1988 (, Updated )

Clumping herb; corolla bright pink; common in open grassy areas. NCI #: Plant Q66V-0058-X.

45.0° 22.0’ 59.0” N22.0° 36.0’ 59.0” W

James S. Miller

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ApocynaceaeCatharanthusCatharanthus ovalisSpecimen Catharanthus ovalis subspecies grandiflorus

Cerbera manghas

October 23, 1988 (, Updated )

Much branched tree to 4 m tall; in karst outcrop; just beginning to flush new leaves; calyx white; corolla white with red at the center; exuding copious white latex when cut; photo.

49.0° 12.0’ 0.0” N12.0° 52.0’ 59.0” W

George E. Schatz

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ApocynaceaeCerberaCerbera manghasSpecimen Cerbera manghas

Pachypodium lamerei

December 20, 1987 (, Updated )

Tree to 4 m with "bottle"-shaped trunk, poorly branched. Leaves dark green, glossy above, pale below, V-sectioned. Corolla tube pale green, shading inside to pale yellow at the mouth, lobes white.

46.0° 24.0’ 59.0” N24.0° 54.0’ 59.0” W

Peter B. Phillipson

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ApocynaceaePachypodiumPachypodium lamereiSpecimen Pachypodium lamerei

Pachypodium geayi

November 25, 1987 (, Updated )

Tree with bottle-shaped trunk. Unbranched to about 4 m (unless damaged), with spines in 3's. Stem branching after flowering, pseudodichotamously, each new branch progressively thinner and with progressively shorter leaves. Young leaves v-sectioned with pink-tinged mid- rib, dark glossy green above. Inflorescence axis pale green. Sepals green, tinged purple. Corolla tube yellow- green lobes white, recurved. Anthers yellow-brown forming a cone over the stigma. Filaments broad, white, fused at…

44.0° 36.0’ 59.0” N23.0° 38.0’ 59.0” W

Peter B. Phillipson

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ApocynaceaePachypodiumPachypodium geayiSpecimen Pachypodium geayi

Marsdenia verrucosa

October 25, 1987 (, Updated )

Climber to 20 m. Leaves dark green, those on vegetative shoots cordate. Corolla cream-white fading to dull yellow.

44.0° 37.0’ 59.0” N23.0° 38.0’ 59.0” W

Peter B. Phillipson

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ApocynaceaeMarsdeniaMarsdenia verrucosaSpecimen Marsdenia verrucosa

Cynanchum pachycladon

October 23, 1987 (, Updated )

Climber to 5 m. Stems thick, semi- succulent, with copious white latex. Leaves dark green. Corolla brown-red, with green margins, lobes shading to green at base, reflexed. Corona white, enclosing gynostegium, lobes united at base, split into 10 filiform lobes, those with a base alternating with those with narrow base, the latter opposite the corolla lobes. Gynostegium pale yellow except brown pollinia "horns" and white cap.

44.0° 34.0’ 59.0” N23.0° 39.0’ 59.0” W

Peter B. Phillipson

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ApocynaceaeCynanchumCynanchum pachycladonSpecimen Cynanchum pachycladon

Gonocrypta grevei

October 4, 1987 (, Updated )

Climber to 4 m. Leaves thin, dark green above, pale below, fine reticulate venation visible but not prominent. Sepals dull pink, recurved, membranous. Corolla with bulbous tube, white outside, deep purple-pink inside, lobes deep pink-mauve. Margin slightly recurved, except apical portion. Corona lobes erect, teeth laterally flattened towards the apex, with an incurved apiculus arising from the dorsal edge. Reproductive parts enclosed within corolla tube, pale yellow-green. Plant with white…

46.0° 18.0’ 59.0” N25.0° 0.0’ 59.0” W

Peter B. Phillipson

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ApocynaceaeGonocryptaGonocrypta greveiSpecimen Gonocrypta grevei

Cynanchum grandidieri

April 18, 1987 (, Updated )

Liane, climbing to 4 m, stem 10 m diameter, terete, smooth green, centre pithy. Flowers in paired rounded clusters of up to 20. Petals green, corona white, gynostegium white be- coming pink. With copious white latex. Inflorescences present at the upper 6 nodes on lateral branches.

44.0° 36.0’ 29.0” N23.0° 40.0’ 59.0” W

Peter B. Phillipson

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ApocynaceaeCynanchumCynanchum grandidieriSpecimen Cynanchum grandidieri

Stapelianthus keraudreniae

April 18, 1987 (, Updated )

Prostrate succulent with greyish-green stems, and greenish corolla, mottled brown-red, corona lobes blackish, gynostegium yellow.

44.0° 36.0’ 29.0” N23.0° 40.0’ 59.0” W

Peter B. Phillipson

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ApocynaceaeStapelianthusStapelianthus keraudreniaeSpecimen Stapelianthus keraudreniae

Ceropegia viridis

April 17, 1987 (, Updated )

Succulent liane growing to 3 m. Leaves few, thin textured. Corolla white with maroon spots. Apex green with maroon vibratile hairs. Plant lacking latex.

44.0° 37.0’ 59.0” N23.0° 38.0’ 59.0” W

Peter B. Phillipson

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ApocynaceaeCeropegiaCeropegia viridisSpecimen Ceropegia viridis

Allamanda cathartica

October 5, 1978 (, Updated )

Scandent shrub, with milky sap, calyx green, corolla tinted dull red in bud, bright yellow within when open with faint red lines within mouth, fruits green, hard, mature seeds pale yellow-brown.

83.0° 22.0’ 59.0” S14.0° 1.0’ 40.0” E

W. D. Stevens

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ApocynaceaeAllamandaAllamanda catharticaSpecimen Allamanda cathartica

Matelea trianae

January 9, 1974 (, Updated )

Corolla brown, corona white. Twining vine with white latex.

75.0° 46.0’ 40.0” S2.0° 1.0’ 43.0” E

Gerrit Davidse – Alwyn H. Gentry – Fany Llanos

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ApocynaceaeMateleaMatelea trianaeSpecimen Matelea trianae

Publication director: Laurent PAGE, email: laurent@page.live, phone: +262 262 92 66 38,